Ecotourism in Vietnam

Eco-Tourism in Vietnam is at its beginning stage and growing steadily, and expected to grow even more in the coming years. There are both national parks in the North and the South of Vietnam. If you would like the give a hand to preserve our environment, culture and traditions, visit these places and support the Eco-Tourism in Vietnam.

Cuc Phuong National Park
Established in 1962, Cuc Phuong is the oldest national park in Vietnam.Cuc Phuong National Park Located only 120km southwest of Hanoi and nestled between the provinces of Ninh Binh, Hoa Binh and Thanh Hoa, Cuc Phuong boasts an engaging cultural and wildlife heritage and enchanting scenery. Magnificent Limestone Mountains rise up majestically from the green rice-terraces and traditional stilt houses of the Muong hill-tribe. Covered in a dense forest, this landscape forms the habitat for some of Asia's rarest animal and plant species. It is no wonder that researchers, naturalists, enthusiasts and conservationists alike are drawn to this corner of the world.

The ancient forest harbors over 2000 species of trees, 110 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 125 mammals, including the Clouded Leopard, Delacour's Langur, Owston's Civet and Asian Black Bear. There are also an incredible 308 documented bird species. Visitors in April and May should be blessed with the chance to see literally thousands of vibrant butterflies.
(http://cucphuongtourism.com.vn)

Tourism Activities
Trekking in the primary forest.
Excellent hiking opportunities are abound in the park and you could spend days trekking through the forest. Popular trails will lead you to several ancient trees, caves and Muong villages. Park staff can provide you with basic maps to find the well-marked trail heads. However, a guided tour is the best and most informative way to get the most out of both short and long treks. Longer walks to Ngoc Son Nature Reserve and Pu Luong Nature Reserve, overnight treks and camping trips are also possible.

Community-Based Ecotourism & Homestays.The forests of Cuc Phuong are immensely important culturally, providing livelihood resources for local communities. However, the forests and its resources are under constant threat. Community-based ecotourism initiatives are beginning to turn marginalized communities into local stakeholders, creating incentives to support conservation. Why not take a trek to the Muong village of Khanh or to the villages in Ngoc Son Nature Reserve or Pu Luong Nature Reserve where the hospitable local people offer 1 or 2 night home-stay in their traditional stilt houses? While in the village you will live as one of the family, eat together, have an opportunity to explore their culture and try out bamboo river rafting!

Wildlife Night-spotting.
The park can organize night-spotting trips into the primary forest. These special tours offer opportunities to see the more elusive mammal species of the park including the Black Giant Squirrel, the Indian Flying Squirrel, Samba Deer, Loris and several small carnivores.

Bird watching.Bird watching
Cuc Phuong is home to a wealth of beautiful tropical birds, many of them endemic to Vietnam and Indochina. Some of the 308 species of rare birds that you might encounter are the Silver Pheasant, Red-collared Woodpecker, Brown Hornbill, Bar-bellied Pitta and so on. Cuc Phuong is quickly becoming a must-see destination for scientists and birdwatchers alike. The best time for bird-watching is early in the morning or in the late afternoon.

Cycling.
One fantastic way to experience Cuc Phuong is by cycling through the forest. Biking offers the visitor not only silence and a cool breeze, but it is also a great way to view the more secretive animals and birds of the national park. (Mountain bike rental is available in the national park).

Amphibians, insects, reptiles spotting.
Cuc Phuong is also home to many different species of amphibians, insects, and reptiles, many of them endemic to Cuc Phuong and Vietnam. Some species are common with interesting characteristics, such as the viper, green tree frog and stick-insects.

Tour to biodiversity hotspots.
So far Cuc Phuong has a total of 43 biodiversity hotspots. All of these are recognized by the Scientific Department of the national park and they offer you an excellent opportunity to study and see many different species of tropical plants.

Traditional music performance.
Cuc Phuong was a settlement of generations of Muong minority people with their own unique culture. While visiting the park, you will have chance to enjoy the traditional songs and dances of different minorities which will be performed by young Muong girls and boys who live around the national park. This activity was set up in order to preserve and bring into play the Muong and other minorities’ cultural characters, and through this you will understand more about the minorities of Vietnam.

Kayaking.
While you stay at the park, you can also participate in many fascinating entertainment activities including kayaking on the artificial Mac lake or the natural lake of Yen Quang.

Cat Ba National Park
Cat Ba National Park is located in Cat Hai district, Hai Phong city.Cat Ba National Park The national park is centered on Cat Ba island, which lies 20 km east of Hai Phong city and immediately to the west of Halong bay. The national park also incorporates some of the small islands and marine waters situated to the east of Cat Ba island.
Cat Ba National Park is listed as a World Heritage Site.


Tourism Activities
Forest Ecotourism
Tourist who come to Cat Ba national park can choose from tourist routes with different forest ecosystems to explore. They can explore the plants and the animals of the different forest types such as the Old-growth forest, mangroves, flooded forests on the  limestone or Kim Giao forest.. The long routes (tour time 4-8h: walking, climbing) are: Ao Ech - Viet Hai; May Bau - Hang Quan Y, Kim Giao - Me Con - Tung Di. The short routes (2-3 h tour: motorcycles, bicycles, cars and walking, hiking) are: Kim Giao Forest - Ngu Lam Peak, Route Environmental Education, Dong Trung Trang - Hang Uy Ban.

Marine Ecotourism
Cat Ba National Park is promoting investment in the development of marine ecotourism to serve tourists who enjoy exploring the vast marine resources. Come to Cat Ba, to choose from different types of sea travel as visiting scenic areas such as Lan Ha Bay, Van Boi, Viet Hai, Van Ta, Tra Bau. Take a kayak to discover the bay's ecosystems, go for coral diving, fishing, swimming or enjoying other water sports activities. The sea tours take about 2-6 hrs.

Explore grottoes and caves
Cat Ba Island is formed by tectonic movement of the earth's crust beneath the sea millions of years ago. According to geologists, the Cat Ba archipelago has the Kato terrain (limestone), with many caves and fissures. In the park, there are many unique caves, annually attracting thousands of visitors such as the Trung Trang grotto, Uy Ban cave, Thien Long grotto.

Observe primates, bird watching
The park has endemic primates such as the Cat Ba Langur (Golden-headed langur). Visitors do not have many opportunities to observe them as they are now an endangered species and are prioritized for conservation, but visitors can easily view other primates like the Yellow monkey, Macaque at Cat Dua island or other areas such as Eo Bua, Dong Co, Me Con .... Cat Ba has 160 species of birds of which there are 46 different families (Typical: Great Hornbill, Oriental Pied Hornbill, Great Cormorant ... species in the World Red Book).

Wildlife night-spotting
For visitors who like to observe, learn about or see reptiles, amphibians, insects or some nocturnal animals, then the forest is the ideal place to go in the evening. In the dark, the mysterious sounds of the jungle are incredibly lively. According to preliminary results of statistical studies, Cat Ba National Park has 53 species of mammals, 45 species of reptiles, 21 species of amphibians, 274 species of insects. The best time for watching animals in the night: Mau Bau - Ao Ech (2-6pm).

Swimming, fishing, coral viewing
The marine park has many dreamy white sand beaches, blue water, which are an ideal bathing place around the magnificent scenery of the bay, lagoons, harmonious combination of forest and sea island. Here visitors can swim in the pristine beaches, go coral viewing or fishing for recreation relaxation

Volunteer tourism
This type of tourism where visitors are not only exploring the value of natural resources but also contribute to improving the environmental cleanup and protection of natural resources such as the collection and disposal of garbage and the creation of tourist signposts and signboards for conservation

Tam Dao National Park
Tam Dao National Park is based in the Tam Dao range,Tam Dao National Park which is one of the terminal spurs of a larger mountainous area in Tay Bac, Viet Nam. It runs 80 km from north west to south east, and has more than 20 peaks with altitudes of over 1000m. The highest summit is Tam Dao North with an altitude of 1592 m. Three other peaks with beautiful scenery are Thien Thi at 1375 m, Thach Ban at 1388 m and Phu Nghia at 1300 m. Sharp peaks with sloping sides and numerous, deep partitions are characteristic of the topology.

Tam Dao National Park is a precious resource repository, a place to keep a high biodiversity with many species of rare endemic plant, where reserves, conservation and restoration of the genetic resources for scientific research and study for scientists and students in the country as well as internationally. Tam Dao forest has many species of rare medicinal plants as sources of medicine so useful for people around the area.

Tourism activities
Bird watching
Currently Tam Dao National Park has 239 species of birds found in 140 varieties of the 50 families. Highest diversity is Passerine with 147 species belonging to 73 branches of 26 families. The second is Piciformes with 15 species after the next is Citronella with 12 species ... Of the 239 species of birds have been discovered up to 9 species is endemic to northern Vietnam, and 5 species are endemic to Vietnam (Grey Peacock-Pheasant, Blue-naped Pitta, Bar-backed Partridge, Long-tailed Minivet, Sooty-headed Bulbul ...)

Fauna and Flora
Visitors will walk along the footpaths only birds and flowers to enjoy the fresh air that only new here. Guests will be introduced about the value of some species of rare plants endemic only in Tam Dao:
- Tam Dao salamander, two species major bears in Vietnam (Asian black bear, Sloth bear), Blue-naped Pitta, Long-tailed Minivet..., flying mammals when visiting Dong Doi.
- The species of Orchids, Cymbidium ... Special Tam Dao Orchids only appear at Tam Dao National Park

Trekking in the forest and watching azalea
On the route tourists can see a lot of insects, birds and small mammals... Especially you can be happy and relaxed while walking on a thick litter layer of typical low forest on the mountain, watching azalea forest, viewing the majestic mountain when conquer the three peaks and panoramic away.

Ba Vi National Park Ba Vi National Park
Ba Vi National Park is centred on Mount Ba Vi, a mountain isolate situated about 50 km west of Hanoi. The mountain rises steeply out of a plain that rarely exceeds 30 m in elevation. In general, slopes on the western side of Ba Vi mountain, at an average of 25°, are steeper than those on the east. Above 400 m, the slopes on the western side may reach a gradient of 35° and rocky cliffs are present. Mount Ba Vi has three peaks: the highest is Dinh Vua at 1,296 m, followed by Tan Vien at 1,226 m and Ngoc Hoa at 1,120 m. Because of the mountainous topography, the climate at Ba Vi varies with altitude. Above 500 m, fog enshrouds the top of the mountain on most days.

Bach Ma National Park 
The national park, extended in 2008,Bach Ma National Park  lies on a high mountain ridge that runs west-east from the Laotian border to the East Sea at the Hai Van pass. This ridge interrupts the coastal plain of Vietnam, and, therefore, forms a biogeographical boundary between the faunas and floras of northern and southern Vietnam. More than 1400 species of plants, including many rare ferns and orchids, have been discovered here, representing a fifth of the flora of Vietnam. There are 132 mammals found in Bach Ma, three of which were only discovered in the 1990s: the antelope-like saola, Truong Son muntjac and the giant muntjac. Nine species of primates are also present, including small numbers of the rare red-shanked Douc langur. It’s hoped wild elephants will return from Laos.

Tourism activities
Bird watching
Bird watching is fantastic here, but you need to be up at dawn to get the best sightings. Of the 800-odd species of bird known to inhabit Vietnam, the park is home to some 330, including the fabulous crested argus pheasant and the tenacious Edwards’ pheasant – unseen and thought to be extinct for 50 years, it was recently discovered in the park’s buffer zone.

Trekking in the forest
- White Saraya (Cho den) forest trail
Leave Bach Ma National Park resort about 3 km away down the motorway (at km 14), you will see the signpost on the left. This trail is approximately 300 m slope takes you to visit the the White Saraya forest. Visit this forest you will be surprised to see many majestic ancient trees growing focus recently, with the trees with a diameter of 1 m and higher than 30 m. Go to the forest you will find it interesting when a mixed tropical the forest has a the forest tree grows until almost all domesticated species, which are well protected by the forest almost intact, unaffected by human.

- Crested Argus (Tri sao) trail

You will enjoy the boisterous singing of birds, such as Chao mao, Khuou, Hoa mi, Chich chach, ... Especially beautiful in the morning, you can see them dancing on the branches trees or flying through the air like playing with each other. Sometimes is very funny when a monkey appeared on the tree and move from tree branch to other tree branch. In this area you will find many plant have height 10 m. It is young forest was restored with Castor, Tea, ... There are many tree that you should care and take the time to see. That is "Quan am toa lien" (Buddha sitting on a lotus flower), "Ca muoi", Cau nui, Hoa mong Bo , ... or the "Conical leaf" tree, the main material to make Bai tho conical that many beautiful Hue girls often use.

- Five Lakes trail

From the park center, trekking in the forest about 1 km, you will reach the first stop of Five Lakes trail. With a 30 minutes walking, this trail will take you to 5 lakes was formed by the small waterfalls. The water in the lake is very pure so you can see every pebble in the lake. Not much organisms can live in the lake because the water is so cold. Here you can swim in the small romantic pools and fairy streams as well as the pure water in this forest. 

- Do Quyen Waterfall trail

Within an hour walking from Five Lakes, you have also chance to visit Do Quyen Waterfall - is astounding and huge in the wooded mountain. You will trek down 700 foot-steps to see the whole view of Do Quyen Waterfall and take wonderful pictures of the fall with the silver water running into the bright red of water-rail flowers. Here you also have a chance to admire the famous and very beautiful flower with the same name of the fall grows two sides of this waterfall.

Phong Nha - Ke Bang National ParkPhong Nha - Ke Bang National Park
Phong Nha is located in Quang Binh province, central Vietnam. 40km from Dong Hoi in the northwest, the pretty provincial capital! The total area of the Phong Nha – Ke Bang limestone range is over 200,000 hectares, including 86,000 hectares belonging to Laos. The Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park protects 85,754 hectares and with a enlarged area of 30hectares in 2008. A high percentage of the forest is primary, and it harbours around 132 large animal species and is a haven for over 338 species of birds. Rare plants include medicinal herbs, sandalwood, and dipterocarp trees. Many of these plants and animals are to be found in the lists of the Viet Nam Red Data book of endangered species.

Attractive Destination: 
- Phong Nha Cave, yet to be fully surveyed, it is at least 18km deep, and is part of the longest underwater river in the world. Spectacular stalactites and stalagmites create fantastic images, and are home to many species of bats and cave creatures.
- Forest and limestone karst mountains, a scenic wonder, especially in the early morning mist, shrouded in whirls of fine cloud. It is an extremely spiritual place. The mountains cover an area of 200,000 hectares and still retain a large percentage of primary forest.
- Local , indigenous peoples ,such as the Macoong, Ruc, and Arem, who still strive to maintain their traditional way of life and culture.
- Wealth of biodiversity and rare species – such as the tiger, sao la deer and endemic monkeys, as well as valuable plants and trees.
- Phong Nha is an area of great historical and cultural importance to Vietnam, containing a large section of the famed Ho Chi Minh Trail, the site of many heroic deeds and representing Vietnam’s determination for independence.

Yok Don National ParkYok Don National Park
Yok Don National Park, the largest of Vietnam’s nature reserves, has been gradually expanded and today encompasses 115,545 hectares of mainly dry deciduous forest. The park runs all the way up to the border with Cambodia, with the beautiful Srepok River flowing through it.

Yok Don is home to 67 species of mammals, 196 birds, 46 reptiles, 15 amphibians and 100 species of insects. Wild animal resources are not only abundant and diverse but also very typical for fauna of Southeast Asia. Among 56 species of rare animals of Indochina, the Yok Don is home to 36 species and 17 species of them are recorded in the Red Book of the world such as elephants, buffalo, spiral horn cow, spotted deer, chamois, pheasant, peacock , myna …

Tourism activities
Riding elephant
Tourist can ride on elephant's back to making sight seeing in the forest or to wade across Srepok river.

Trekking in the primary forest
Walking in the forest is a fantastic way to explore the rich and abundant flora and fauna in Yok Don. Besides, walking in the fresh air can improve your health, make you relaxed and happy.

Cycling 
A great way for tourist to explore the Yok Don national park is cycling through the forest. Enjoy the pure air and viewing flora and fauna at here.(Mountain bike rental is available in the national park)

Canoeing on the Srepok river
Visit minority villagesYou can enjoy traditional specialties or drink can alcohol together with the locals while listening to village patriarch's stories about legends of this land.

Con Dao National Park Con Dao National Park
Con Dao National Park is a natural reserve area on Con Dao Island, in Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province in coastal southeastern Vietnam. The park includes a part of the island and the surrounding sea. The national park is characterized by a diverse ecosystem. Many species of corals and especially the sea turtle are found here. In 2006, a delegation of UNESCO Vietnam representatives surveyed the area and concluded that the park is eligible to be a natural-cultural mixture World Heritage. The Vietnamese government is preparing necessary documents to submit to UNESCO soon. 

Tourism activities
Trekking in the forest
Walking through the forest to breathe fresh air, to enjoy melodious song of wild birds, to see flocks of butterflies hovering in myriad of their wings, colour and to come across a great number of rare wildlife.

Walking on the beach
Taking a stroll on quiet beaches to relax and enjoy dreamlike sea scenery at the time of sunrise and sunset.

Relax on the beach
Hanging up hammock in casuarina trees on the seaside to listen attentively sea waves whispering and to make your spirit relaxed, joining to go on a voyage and go fishing for fun.

Tourism associate scientific research
- Walking and cycling on the road along the sea.
- Mountaineering, go through the forest to enjoy a view, discover and subdue nature
- Diving to view row of coral at sea with shallow water.
- Diving with scuba to discover diversifying of the ocean

Cat Tien National Park 
Cat Tien comprises an amazingly biodiverse area of lowland tropical rainforest.Cat Tien National Park  The 72,000-hectare park is one of the outstanding natural treasures in Vietnam, and the hiking, mountain biking and bird-watching here are the best in southern Vietnam. Always call ahead for reservations as the park can accommodate only a limited number of visitors. However, a word of caution: visitors rarely see any of the larger mammals resident in the park, so don’t come expecting to encounter tigers and elephants.

Fauna in the park includes 351 bird species, 113 types of mammal, 79 types of reptile, 41 amphibian species, plus an incredible array of insects, including 400 or so species of butterfly. In the early 1990s, a rare group of Javan rhinoceros was discovered in the park, but conservationists now believe their number may have plummeted to an unsustainable level of just one or two ageing adults. Leopards are also believed to roam here. Rare birds in the park include the orange-necked partridge, green peafowl and Siamese fireback. There is also a healthy population of monkeys. Leeches are a less desirable member of the local fauna so come prepared, especially during the wet season.

Tourism activities
Discovery tourism 
Visitors can walk through the forest and challenging terrain to enjoy the mystery of nature. This is also an opportunity for keen trekkers to test their abilities.

Research and study tourism
Cat Tien National Park is recognized for its biological diversity. This potential is the main attraction for researchers visiting the park.

Relaxing tourism
Fresh air and the serenity of the jungle will give visitors relaxing moments immersed in natural surroundings.

Conference tourism
The park is suitable for organizing seminars, conferences combined with sightseeing and relaxing.

Tourism combined with volunteer activities
Here, visitors can participate in volunteer activities to contribute to the cause of conservation.

Phu Quoc National Park, VietnamPhu Quoc National Park, Vietnam 
With an area of 56,200 ha, Phu Quoc is the largest in an archipelago of 14 islands. Phu Quoc island lies in the Gulf of Thailand, about 40 km due west of the Vietnamese mainland. Phu Quoc National Park is situated in the north-east of the island, and the northern and eastern boundaries of the national park follow the coastline. The topography of the national park is hilly, although not particularly steep. The highest point in the national park is Mount Chua at 603 m. The national park is drained by numerous, mainly seasonal, streams. The only sizeable river on the island is the Rach Cua Can river, which drains the southern part of the national park, and flows into the sea on the west coast of the island.

Phu Quoc National Park contains many forest types and landscapes including mangroves and wet lands, sparse forested areas, coastal vegetation and forest on rocky mountains. Studies by the Vietnam-Russia Tropical Center in 2005 recorded 1,164 higher plant species, including 23 orchid species and 12 rare plant species including the globally endangered Paphiopedilum callosum which was recently found in the park. A total of 208 animal species were recorded in the National Park, including 28 mammals, 119 birds, 47 reptiles and 14 amphibians. Of these animal species, 6 mammal, 4 bird and 9 reptile species are globally endangered. The rare species include lorises, the long-tailed macaque, silver langur, otter, and hornbill.

Tourism activities
Riding motorbike
Hire motorbike on your own and explore the northerly parts of the island. The best areas and most forested parts can be found on the road toward Ganh Dau. To get there, take the road from Duong Dong towards Bai Thom and turn off toward Ganh Dau, the National park becomes more apparent the closer you get to Ganh Dau Village.

Trekking
Walking Trails are limited, though for a great way to experience the national park there is a good walking trail 5kms before Ganh Dau, where the going is relatively easy and trail wide enough to take in the surrounding environment. The walk is a particularly pleasant way to escape the heat, as the vegetation provides cover from the heat of the sun. Take the same road mentioned previously towards Ganh Dau and 100m after the 5km Ganh Dau road marker on the left hand side you’ll find an opening in the national park with a clearly defined walking trail which continues for a couple of kilometers. Note, besides the 5km Ganh Dau marker, the actual trail is not sign posted.

U Minh Thuong National ParkU Minh Thuong National Park 
U Minh Thuong National Park is located in An Minh Bac commune of An Minh district, and Minh Thuan commune of Vinh Thuan district, Kien Giang province, 365 km south-west of Ho Chi Minh City. U Minh Thuong National Park covers an area of ​​21,107 ha, which core area accounts for 8038 ha, and buffer zone accountsfor 13,069 ha. This is the type of tropical forest ecosystems and wetlands which are very rare in the world.

Animal and plant systems in U Minh Thuong National Park is diverse and rich: besides local melaleuca tree (Melaleuca cajuputi), there are over 243 species of higher vascular plants, including many species high wood, such as Bui, Foam, Dau, Tram, Gao, … With the presence of 32 species of mammals, 186 birds, 39 amphibian reptiles, 34 species of fish, U Minh Thuong National Park has the most plentiful flora and fauna in the area of Mekong Delta. Many animals such as hairy-nosed otters, fishing cats, gray legs pelican, etc are recorded in Vietnam and the world Red Book.

Tourism activities
Bird watching - Visiting "Trang doi"
From Hoa Mai Lake along the center channel, you can come to the center of the national park area, along both sides of grass higher than head-man. Sometimes the monkeys in the trees along the embankment rise eyes on visitors, somewhere a bird startled and flapping its wings flying to the deep blue sky. The next, visitor arrive to "Trang doi" where contain many bats and crows. You can see many bats hang on the plants look like many fruits on tree. And then, visitors come to "Trang chim" - a very large area with tens of thousands of birds of all kinds gathered here with the rich colors.

Fishing
In the morning, visitors can hire a small boat, go along the Hoa Mai lake to fishing. The attraction of fishing in U Minh Thuong National Park is natural fishing but as fishing on the lake. You can easily to get a spikes perch (Ca ro gai) is approximately 200 grams or a big snakehead (Ca loc), weighing 3-4 kg ...

U Minh Ha National ParkU Minh Ha National Park 
U Minh Ha National Park is located in the Khanh Lam and Khanh An communes, in U Minh district and in the Tran Hoi, Khanh Binh Tay Bac communes of Tran Van Thoi district. Park is located on the tourist route to Hon Da Bac tourism centre, not far from Ca Mau City, and it only takes about an hour by car. Because of that advantage, from the beginning up to now, though it’s not too long, the Park has welcomed tens of thousands of tourists to visit. Park is divided into three specific zones, which are classified protected areas of forest ecosystems on peat land with an area of 2570 ha, restoration areas and sustainable use of wetland ecosystems with 4961 ha and service and administrative subdivision area of 755 ha. In addition, within the framework of tourism, they are also developing projects such as the traditional culture area, forest outlook stations, traditional dining area, the pets raising area, and wharf fishing, boating and dock constructions for entertainment services to serve the needs of travelers in and outside the province.

To U Minh Ha National Park, visitors will discover 78 species of 65 lines, 36 families, including 11 species of timber trees – most notably with many species of mangrove tree vines. The class of breast animal has 23 species, bird class has 91 species, there are 36 species of reptiles, amphibians have 11 species, many rare species such as red legs otter, fire squirrel, Tete (pangolins) etc.

U Minh Ha National Park is also known for many unique cuisine style of the Mekong Delta region.

Tram Chim National ParkTram Chim National Park
Tram Chim National Park supports one of the last remnants of the Plain of Reeds wetland ecosystem, which previously covered some 700,000 ha of Dong Thap, Long An and Tien Giang provinces. The national park is located 19 km to the east of the Mekong River, at an elevation of about 1 m. The topography of the national park is flat, and slopes slightly to the east. In the past, several natural streams and rivers flowed from west to east, distributing water from the Mekong River to the Plain of Reeds. Now these streams and rivers have been replaced by a system of canals, some of which flow through the national park.

The Park has a forest of Cajuput and hearth of many kind of birds with specific floristic composition: cajeput, reeds, lotus, water lily, ghost rice, rush …; plentiful fauna: python, turtles, eels, snakes, fresh-water fishes, and water bird as storks, herons, spot-billed ducks, water chicken … especially red-headed, bare-necked cranes coming in dry season each year.

From January to May each year, when sky is clear, visitors will see from the horizon many black spot coming. It is crane flock returning after months of emigrating to evade flood. This is also the season, when tourists come to Tram Chim for seeing, photographing cranes in the dawn and sunset.

Tram Chim - a reduced model of Dong Thap Muoi - with natural history of collective ecology of geomorphology, hydrograph and underwater creatures, is an ideal rendezvous place of tourists from all over the world.